Camicie nere, camicie brune. Milizie fasciste in Italia e in Germania (Black shirts, brown shirts. Fascist militias in Italy and Germany)

Sven Reichardt, Il Mulino.

Partial translation of the original German, taken from the author’s doctoral thesis, this volume, full-bodied and rich in archival data, is a stimulating comparative history of political (failed) violence post-war transition process in the Weimar Republic and liberal Italy. Although enriched later by other studies, both on the climate of undeclared civil war in Germany (the very recent 1923 by Mark Jones, dedicated to the attempted putsch of Hitler that year, for example) and on the Italian case, and although not immune from some simplification, the volume of Reichardt remains the best synthesis on the history of the fascist squadrismo until the march on Rome.