‘Nascita di una dittatura’ (Birth of a dictatorship – ep.3)

24 November 1972

(ID Teca: F157942) One of the main innovations of the great television investigation in 6 episodes carried out by the authoritative Rai journalist Sergio Zavoli on the coming to power of fascism, broadcast on the fiftieth anniversary of the march on Rome, was to give the floor to fascists, to better understand what happened also through their testimony. This excerpt from the interview with a blackshirt, Dante Maria Tuninetti, reminds us of the origins, methods and reasons for supplying these blackshirts with weapons. This episode aired on Friday 24th of November 1972, at 9pm on the National Channel.

The debate on fascism: De Felice and Mack Smith

Uno straordinario dibattito trasmesso sulla Rai in prima serata nel 1976. Renzo De Felice difende il proprio approccio all'interpretazione storiografica del fascismo dalle osservazioni dello storico inglese Denis Mack Smith.

Historiography

La marcia su Roma (The march on Rome)
I combattenti nel primo dopoguerra (The fighters in the first postwar period)
La conquista del potere. Il fascismo dal 1919 al 1929 (The Seizure of Power: Fascism in Italy, 1919 to 1929)
Intervista sul fascismo (Interview on fascism)
Le origini dell’ideologia fascista (The origins of fascist ideology)

Culture and politics

Massacres of Piazza della Loggia and Italicus

Massacres of Piazza della Loggia and Italicus

During a protest against neo-fascist terrorism, in Piazza della Loggia in Brescia, the explosion of a bomb hidden in a waste bin causes the death of 8 people and the injury of another 102. After years of investigation and misdirection, some members of the neo-fascist New Order group will be sentenced. In the same year another bomb exploded on the Italicus train, on the transit line between Bologna and Florence; 12 people died and more than 40 were injured. The country reacted by proclaiming a general strike in the two cities affected by the attack, on 6 August 1974 (a few days before the 30th anniversary of the liberation of Florence, 11 August 1944).

Renzo De Felice and Denis Mack Smith

Renzo De Felice and Denis Mack Smith

On 28 of April at 8.45 pm,  on Rai 1 aired in the early evening the comparison between the historian Renzo De Felice, author of a monumental biography of Mussolini, and Denis Mack Smith, English historian known to the general public for his successful “Storia d’Italia” (History of Italy). De Felice is accused of wanting to rehabilitate the twenty years of pro-fascism and revisionism. The historian from Rieti (who spoke of fascism as a "modern and revolutionary movement" and of the building of consensus in the Italian society of the thirties, not attributable to the only repressive machine of the dictatorship) is challenged by the theory of fascism as "imperfect totalitarianism", not comparable to the National Socialist regime in terms of repression and violence.

Escape of Herbert Kappler

Escape of Herbert Kappler

SS Lieutenant Colonel Herbert Kappler sentenced to life imprisonment by the Military Court of Rome for the massacre of the Fosse Ardeatine (335 hostages shot on 24th of March 1944 in some abandoned pozzolana quarries on the outskirts of Rome), and detained in the Gaeta prison; he then fled from the military hospital of Celio, where he was hospitalized for a serious illness. Numerous journalistic investigations will talk about "state flight", organized by the Italian secret services, with the complicity of the Andreotti government.