‘La Grande Storia. Dalle leggi razziali alla Shoah’ (The Great History. From racial laws to the Shoah)

12 October 2008

(ID Teca: F394280) Broadcast on 12th October 2008 on Rai Tre, the episode from which these four excerpts are taken is entirely built on the testimonies of the Italian survivors of the anti-Semitic persecution. Such recent emphasis on the collection of memories of witnesses, to be interviewed "before it is too late", is justified listening to the words of Ferruccio D'Angeli and Cesare Finzi, who vividly restore the impact of what happened, as well as Liliana Segre (ten years before being appointed senator for life), which attributes a much greater responsibility to Italian society than the one previously widespread (as seen for example in the aforementioned collection of 1986 "The courage and piety").

‘La Grande Storia. Dalle leggi razziali alla Shoah’ – 2nd video

12 October 2008

(Teca ID: F394280) Ferruccio D'Angeli

‘La Grande Storia. Dalle leggi razziali alla Shoah’ – 3rd video

12 October 2008

(ID Teca: F394280) Cesare Finzi

‘La Grande Storia. Dalle leggi razziali alla Shoah’ – 4th video

12 October 2008

(ID Teca: F394280) Liliana Segre

Historiography

La cultura fascista (The fascist culture)
Roma capitale del nazionalismo (1908-1923 – Rome capital of nationalism)
Alleati di Hitler. Le Regie Forze Armate, il regime fascista e la guerra del 1940-43 (Allies of Hitler. The Royal Armed Forces, the fascist regime and the war of 1940-43)
La politica delle armi. Il ruolo dell’esercito nell’avvento del fascismo (The politics of arms. The role of the army in the advent of fascism)
Camicie nere, camicie brune. Milizie fasciste in Italia e in Germania (Black shirts, brown shirts. Fascist militias in Italy and Germany)

Culture and politics

the “Remembrance day”

the “Remembrance day”

The "Holocaust Remembrance Day" is instituted by law in memory of the Shoah, of the extermination and persecution of the Jewish people and of the Italian military and political deportees to Nazi camps. The Italian Parliament chooses the date of 27th of January, the day of the demolition of the Auschwitz gates in 1945. The proposal of the deputy Furio Colombo to celebrate the day on 16th of October in memory of the roundup of over 1000 people from the Rome ghetto (including newborns and elderly) which would have pointed the finger at the responsibilities of many Italians in the capture and extermination of Jews.

the Division Acqui

the Division Acqui

The President of the Republic Ciampi visits Kefalonia where he recalls the massacre of 5,000 officers and soldiers of the Acqui Division, shot by the German army for refusing to hand over the weapons, after the armistice of 8th September 1943. For the President, it is the "first act of the Italian Resistance". A resistance interpreted as a choral phenomenon, such as the union of the Italian people with the armed forces. In Ciampi’s vision, September 8 does not mark the "death of the homeland" but the moment of the redemption of the Italian people from the shame of fascism and the tragedy of the Second World War.

Italy and Germany in Marzabotto

Italy and Germany in Marzabotto

On 17th April, President Ciampi and the President of the Federal Republic of Germany, Johannes Rau, meet in Marzabotto to remember the victims of the Nazi massacre (770 civilians, almost all women and children). The meeting marks an important step in the reconciliation between Italy and Germany, two countries which have fought each other, responsible for serious war crimes, and which reaffirm the need for brotherhood among the peoples of Europe.

Fini in Israel

Fini in Israel

During his trip to Israel, visiting the Yad Vashem, Gianfranco Fini (leader of the National Alliance and Deputy Prime Minister in the Berlusconi government) speaks of "fascism as an absolute evil". Recalling the 6 million Jews, looted of property, deprived of civil rights, persecuted, deported and sent to die in the concentration camps, Fini speaks of "infamous racial laws" and denounces the climate of "indifference, complicity and cowardice" of "many Italians who in 1938 did nothing to react".

the “Memorial Day”

the “Memorial Day”

A law of the Italian Parliament establishes the "Remembrance Day" in memory of the victims of foibe and Italians exiles from Istria and Dalmatia, to be celebrated every 10th February. The date is chosen in controversy with those Peace Treaties (signed in Paris on 10 February 1947) that had assigned Istria, the Carnaro, the city of Zadar with its province and most of Venezia Giulia (formerly part of Italy) to Yugoslavia.

“A voce alta”

“A voce alta”

The film "A voce alta", an adaptation of Bernhard Schlink’s bestseller Der Vorleser, which reopened the debate in Germany on the burden of blame and responsibility of the German people, is released in theaters, for the rise and acceptance of the criminal policies of Nazism. The film talks about the difficulties that generations of Germans had in the post-war period in dealing with the persecution and extermination of Jews.