‘Il tempo e la storia: Italiani in Etiopia’ (Time and history: Italians in Ethiopia)

2 February 2017

(ID Teca: X000016487) Broadcast on the general interest channel Rai 3 and on the theme-based channel  Rai Storia on 2nd February 2017, this episode of "Time and history" shows the utility of the television formula that allows the historian to comment a movie in studio, thus combining the informative and emotional power of the images  and the depth offered by the arguments of the specialist (in this case, the historian Nicola Labanca). The extract in question, on the colonization following the conquest of Ethiopia, mentions among other things a long-hidden event in Italy, namely the massacre of Debra Libanos perpetrated by the Italian army in 1937.

‘Il tempo e la storia: Italiani brava gente’ (Time and history: Italians “good people”)

9 June 2017

(ID Teca: X000014741) Broadcast on 9th June 2017 on Rai Tre and Rai Storia, this episode, with the historian Filippo Focardi, refutes the long-held stereotype of Italians as a population of "good people" (unlike the others, primarily Germans) incapable of being guilty of cruelty. The footage highlights in particular the war crimes committed by the fascist army in the Balkans, which were occupied during the Second World War. Massacres of civilians, summary shootings and deportations to concentration camps, such as Rab, reveal the violent (long denied or minimized) character of Italian fascism.

Historiography

E fu subito regime. Il fascismo e la marcia su Roma (And it was immediately regime. Fascism and the march on Rome)
Squadrismo e squadristi nella dittatura fascista (Squadrism and Squads in the Fascist dictatorship)
L’occupazione tedesca in Italia (The German occupation in Italy)
La dittatura fascista. Consenso e controllo durante il Ventennio (The fascist dictatorship. Consent and control during the Twenty Years)

Culture and politics

Mausoleum for Rodolfo Graziani

Mausoleum for Rodolfo Graziani

In Affile, near Rome, a mausoleum is erected in memory of Rodolfo Graziani, commander of the armed forces of the RSI, responsible for war crimes in Libya and Ethiopia (including the massacre of more than 2000 Coptic monks and pilgrims, and the massacre of Debre Libanos, perpetrated by Italian troops following the attack suffered by Viceroy Graziani, on 19th February 1937)

The fascist monuments

The fascist monuments

The historian Ruth Ben Ghiat, professor of Italian studies at New York University, publishes an article in the magazine “The New Yorker” in which she invites Italians to reflect on the need to tear down the monuments and buildings built in the fascist period, in particular the EUR and Foro Italico, which survived the advent of the Republic and became over time places of gathering for nostalgics and neo-fascists.