Emilio Gentile, the March on Rome and dealing with the past

Nell’anniversario dei 100 anni dalla Marcia su Roma, Emilio Gentile, il più autorevole storico del fascismo in Italia, spiega le ragioni che portarono Benito Mussolini al potere in questa intervista di Claudio Bustaffa. In Italia, cento anni fa il Fascismo sale al potere, è la cosiddetta Marcia su Roma che porta Benito Mussolini a capo del governo. Ma cosa accadde in quei giorni? E quanto l’Italia ha fatto i conti con quel passato? Il 28 ottobre è la data simbolica della presa di potere dei fascisti. Un movimento nato nel 1919 a Milano e che 3 anni dopo lancia e vince la sfida al governo di Roma. Ma quel giorno, il 28 ottobre, nessun fascista marciò davvero nelle strade di Roma. La sfilata nella capitale ci fu il 31 ottobre, a cose fatte, con Mussolini già capo del Governo. Una pagina chiusa. Ma ancora attuale.

‘Passato e presente. I giovani e la marcia su Roma’ (Past and present. The youth and the march on Rome) – 1st video

28 April 2022

(ID Teca: X000096648) In these two excerpts from the episode of "Passato e Presente" broadcast on 28th of April 2022 on Rai Tre and Rai Storia, the footages illustrate the relationship between young people and fascism in the context of its "power takeover": a theme later analysed in the studio by the historian Marco Mondini with presenter Paolo Mieli and the participation of the young historian Alessandro Ambrosino, focusing on the existential reasons behind the involvement of young people in fascism. This is a theme that somehow echoes Montanelli's above-mentioned testimony in his insistence on the pre-political nature of youth involvement too.

Historiography

Nel cantiere della memoria. Fascismo, Resistenza, Shoah, Foibe (In the yard of memory. Fascism, Resistance, Shoah, Foibe)
Le guerre di Mussolini (The wars of Mussolini)
Le destre europee. Conservatori e radicali tra le due guerre (The European Right. Conservatives and radicals between the two wars)
I luoghi del fascismo (The places of fascism)
Storia del fascismo (History of fascism)
Roma 1922. Il fascismo e la guerra mai finita (Rome 1922. Fascism and the never-ending war)

Culture and politics

The people’s house

The people’s house

The President of the Republic Sergio Mattarella meets in Trieste the President of the Republic of Slovenia, Borut Pahor. The two visit the foiba of Basovizza and the strain that commemorates the death of 4 Slovenians shot by the Fascist Court. During the visit, President Mattarella returned the Narodni Dom, the people’s house burned by the fascists in 1920, by order of the federal Francesco Giunta, to the Slovenian community. For the occasion, Mattarella speaks of "reconciled European memory".

National day of memory and sacrifice of the Alpine

National day of memory and sacrifice of the Alpine

The Italian Parliament approves the law for the “National Day of Remembrance and Sacrifice of the Alpini” in memory of the “heroism demonstrated in the battle of Nikolajewka (26th January 1943) during the Second World War". The chosen date arouses several controversies by historians who recall the crimes committed by the Italians on the Russian-Ukrainian border, alongside the troops of the Wehrmacht and the Einsatzgruppen, the special operations units of the SD, the intelligence service of the SS.

President Giorgia Meloni

President Giorgia Meloni

In the centenary of the March on Rome, Giorgia Meloni, leader of Fratelli d'Italia (a declaredly sovereign party, very close to Orban's far right, which explicitly refers to the MSI tradition of Giorgio Almirante) wins the elections and takes the position of President of the Council of Ministers. The first act of the President is to visit the chapel of the Unknown Soldier, on 2nd November for the anniversary of the armed forces, as Mussolini had done on 4th November 1922.