Hitler takes over

1933

30 January

The right-wing conservative and nationalist Hindenburg entrusts the office of chancellor to Hitler who in a few months annihilates the Weimar Republic (the system of republican government that ruled the German state since 1919 and that had given it a democratic constitution). In addition to passing a law giving him full powers, Hitler disbanded political opposition parties, closed anti-Nazi newspapers, eliminated unions, and equated the SS with police forces. In the summer of 1934, Hitler united himself as Head of State, Government, Armed Forces and Single Party, thus the Third Reich was born.