Storia delle origini del fascismo, vol. 1 (History of the origins of fascism)

A. Vivarelli, Istituto per gli studi storici

Vivarelli would have dedicated his whole life to the reconstruction of the origins of fascism too. The first volume of a trilogy, which would be completed only shortly before his death in 2012, had several points in common with De Felice’s contemporary work, first of all the depth of the archival excavation (the monograph was based on a systematic use of the sources kept at the Central State Archives in Rome). Moreover Vivarelli also saw (and would see even more in the two subsequent volumes released many years later), the genesis of fascism in the double fault of a mediocre and frightened liberal ruling class, unable to face a growth crisis in the country, and an arrogant and revolutionary socialist party.