La via italiana al totalitarismo. Il partito e lo Stato nel regime fascista (The Italian way to totalitarianism. The party and the state in the fascist regime)

Emilio Gentile, La Nuova Italia Scientifica.

With this contribution, destined to great success (in 2008 the publisher Carocci would propose a third edition revised and enlarged), Gentile consolidated and in many respects defined his own research on the totalitarian dimension of the fascist regime. That fascism was intrinsically totalitarian in its action (even if a true totalitarian doctrine was never elaborated within the party) emerges clearly from the policies of collective control and transformation, as they are designed and perfected gradually in the twenty years. Denying the prejudice popularized by Arendt of a non-totalitarian dictatorship, contrary to National Socialism and Bolshevism, (reading accepted substantially by both De Felice and Acquarone)Gentile identified fascism as a movement aimed at the total political domination of Italians and the replacement not only of the State with a new regime but of the old man, through an anthropological revolution.