Emilio Gentile, Laterza.
When this volume was released in its original edition, Emilio Gentile was a young pupil of De Felice at his first publications. But with this volume (which would later be strongly revised during a new edition for the publisher “Il Mulino” twenty years later) he already stood out as one of the most pioneering historians of Italian fascism. At the time there were few scholars who actually credited fascism with its own «ideology», that is to say, a set of myths, beliefs, but also projects for the change of society. Gentile subverted this view by tracing the genealogy of the obsessions but also of the aspirations of fascism and laying the foundations for a renewed reading of the regime as a totalitarian experiment.