The crimes of the fascist wars

In February, the Ministry of Defence admitted the use of gas by the Italian armed forces during the Ethiopian War. The recognition puts an end to the controversy between the journalist Indro Montanelli and the historian Angeli Del Boca, who was the first to document and denounce the use of mustard gas against civilian populations during the fascist colonial campaigns in Libya and Ethiopia. The result is a new season of historiographical studies on the criminal conduct of the fascist wars, in particular on the Italian occupation in the Balkans, which overturns the stereotype of the “good Italian” focusing on the participation of fascists in German reprisals, on the fascist concentration camps for the Yugoslavs, on the story of the war criminals demanded by Yugoslavia, Greece, Albania, Ethiopia, the Soviet Union never handed over and put on trial in Italy for their crimes.