The “Rhodes group”

The President of the Italian Republic, Luigi Einaudi, signed the decrees of pardon (countersigned by the Minister of Defence Randolfo Pacciardi) for four German officers and non-commissioned officers sentenced in Rome in October 1948, responsible for the indiscriminate shooting of 29 Italian prisoners. The four criminals of the “Group of Rhodes” regain their freedom and are repatriated in great secrecy, without the Italian public being made aware of it. A few days later, the Chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany, Konrad Adenauer, met in Rome the Prime Minister, Alcide De Gasperi, as a first step in cordial Italian-German relations.